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quED-HOM

Part of: A Science Kit for Quantum Physics.

  • Hong-Ou-Mandel effect Add-On for the quED

  • Overview
  • Sample Experiments
  • Add-Ons
  • System Includes
  • Variants

Overview

When you have two indistinguishable photons and each of them hit one input of a beam splitter, they exit the beam splitter together in one output port. This is an effect you cannot demonstrate with bright light, but with the quED and this add-on you can.

There are two versions of the quED-HOM, the manual and the motorized version (photo shows the latter).

Sample Experiments

Here is a list of the experiments where the quED-HOM is involved.

Photon Pair Experiments without Polarisation Entanglement
Hong-Ou-Mandel 2-Photon Interference (HOM Dip)
Hong-Ou-Mandel Interference + HBT

These are the experiments we have come up with so far and found interesting enough to put them here. Do you have more ideas? Please let us know!

Other Add-Ons

Here are more add-ons designed to be extend the functionality of the quED:

+ quED-MI Michelson Interferometer

Demonstrate the wave nature of single photons through their interference or build a quantum eraser.

Single Photon Michelson Interferometer Add-On for the quED.

  • Single Photon Michelson Interferometer Add-On for the quED.

Interference is generally considered to be a wave phenomenon. Curiously it also works with single quantum objects. Use the quED-MI Michelson Interferometer add-on together with the quED to show that this is the case. (The photograph shows the motorised version.)

Read more about the quED-MI Michelson Interferometer.

+ quED-HBT Hanbury Brown Twiss Add-On
Perform the “Grangier Experiment”, explore the particle nature of single photons with a Hanbury Brown & Twiss setup and build a quantum random bit generator.

Hanbury Brown & Twiss Setup for Heralded Single Photon Sources.

  • Hanbury Brown-Twiss setup Add-On for the quED

Photons (or generally quantum objects) sometimes also behave like particles. With this add-on you can show that photons can not be split up. You can also explore a simple quantum random bit/number generator and use it in combination with the quED-MI to show wave and particle nature of photons in one experiment.

Read more about the quED-HBT.

+ quED-QKD Quantum Cryptography

Securely distribute a secret key between Alice and Bob with the BB84 protocol.

Quantum Cryptography Add-On for the quED.

One of the most popular industrial applications for quantum phenomena right now is quantum cryptography, or better, quantum key distribution. With this add-on, you can use weak coherent pulses to simulate realistically how a secure communication between two parties (Alice and Bob) is made possible by the BB84 protocol in a real environment.

Read more about the quED-QKD.

System Includes

The quED-HOM is an add-on to the quED and consists of the following parts:

  • 2-Photon Interferometer to perform the Hong-Ou-Mandel Dip

Variants

There are two variants of the quED-HOM:

  • Manual: Ideal for student lab courses, where the students are supposed to perform the measurements themselves.
  • Motorized: Intended for demonstrations during lectures or at science exhibitions, classes and research, when the result matters more than the process of measuring. Here, the linear translation stage is replaced by a motorized one.